Seminário Ciência e Império

"Raças da Europa" e império colonial, c. 1870-1914: uma proposta de investigação

Sala 8.2.10, FCUL, Lisboa
Imagem ilustrativa dos Seminários Ciência e Império, sobre um fundo branco

Este seminário destina-se à apresentação de trabalhos em curso sobre as inter-relações entre conhecimento científico, tecnologia e formações imperiais. O seminário convoca historiadores, antropólogos e cientistas sociais em geral para uma reflexão conjunta e interdisciplinar sobre a ciência e o fenómeno colonial.

Realiza-se nas segundas quartas-feiras de cada mês, das 12h30 às 13h30, alternadamente na Faculdade de Ciências e no Instituto de Ciências Sociais da Universidade de Lisboa.

As sessões são abertas à comunidade académica e não académica, apelando à participação de investigadores nacionais e estrangeiros, de diferentes instituições.

"Raças da Europa" e império colonial, c. 1870-1914: uma proposta de investigação

Resumo: Na década de 1870, iniciou-se um período de forte expansão colonial europeia. A produção de  conhecimento científico sobre ‘raças humanas’ foi essencial para a classificação e controlo dos povos colonizados no contexto dos projetos imperialistas europeus, legitimando a dominação das ‘raças inferiores’ pelas ‘raças europeias’. As ‘raças europeias’ foram também objeto de estudo.

O florescimento de nacionalismos europeus na segunda metade do século XIX foi acompanhado pelo desenvolvimento de estudos sobre a essência dos povos da Europa. À busca dos elementos culturais definidores dos europeus, juntaram-se as pesquisas sobre as suas diferenças biológicas, reproduzindo ideias sobre diferenças entre povos há muito firmadas nas mentalidades vigentes. Imbuídas da cientificidade do novel campo do conhecimento, as diferenças culturais ganharam um cunho biológico e primordial que fortaleceu e validou a hierarquização entre europeus do Norte e europeus do Sul. Se a classificação racial e a ideia de superioridade europeia foi central para as políticas de diferença em que assentou a dominação colonial, de que forma é que este processo de racialização das diferenças europeias se relacionou com os projetos coloniais europeus no contexto de rivalidade e cooperação imperial? A sessão debruçar-se-á sobre esta questão e as possibilidades da sua exploração empírica.

12h30
CIUHCT - Centro Interuniversitário de História das Ciências e da Tecnologia
CIUHCT

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Conversa com Galopim de Carvalho.

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