Por Sebastián Buedo Fernández (University of Santiago de Compostela).
Abstract: Delay differential equations (DDEs) are a tool to model phenomena whose evolution depends on their past behaviour. In particular, these equations can be used for modelling population or economic growth, neural networks, etc. Once a differential model is formulated, a main question is how its solutions behave. In particular, do they tend to a certain value as time goes by? One of the main difficulties of working with qualitative theory of DDEs with positive delays is that the phase space is an infinite-dimensional Banach space: initial conditions must include the states in a certain interval of time in the past . Therefore, the analysis of the behaviour of solutions requires a bigger effort. In this talk, we will introduce DDEs and some of their basic properties. Then, we will explain how the dynamics of a scalar DDE can be “inherited” from the dynamics of a scalar difference equation  and why the latter is, in some cases, easier to study. We will also explain how this link can be extended to the multidimensional case . Finally, we will show concrete applications where this technique applies [1, 4].
 S. Buedo-Fernández, E. Liz. On the stability properties of a delay differential neoclassical model of economic growth, Electron. J. Qual. Theory Differ. Equ. (2018) No. 43, 1–14.  J. K. Hale, S. M. Verduyn Lunel, Introduction to functional differential equations. Springer-Verlag, New York, 1993.  A. F. Ivanov, A. N. Sharkovsky. Oscillations in singularly perturbed delay equations, Dynam. Report. Expositions Dynam. Systems (N.S.) 1 (1992), 164–224.  E. Liz, A. Ruiz-Herrera. Attractivity, multistability, and bifurcation in delayed Hopfield’s model with nonmonotonic feedback, J. Differential Equations 255 (2013), 4244–4266.