- Ecologia Evolutiva
- Evolução Experimental
- Adaptação Local
- Contingências Históricas
- Drosophila subobscura
ContactosDepartamento de Biologia Animal
Ext. Principal 22141 Ext. Alt 22130
Telefone Direto 217500000
Carreira Docente Universitário
Categoria Professor Associado
- Evolutionary Ecology
- Experimental Evolution
- Local Adaptation
- Historical Contingencies
- Drosophila subobscura
Margarida Matos is Associate Professor at the Department of Animal Biology of the Faculty of Sciences of the University of Lisbon (DBA/FCUL) and a Researcher at the Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes (cE3c), where she leads the ‘local Adaptation in Drosophila’ team within the Research Group ‘Evolutionary Ecology’. Since 2009 she is a member of the Executive Committee of cE3c and since 2013 the Coordinator of the Thematic Line Evolutionary Biology of cE3c. She has taught many disciplines in Bachelor and Master Courses, namely in Evolutionary Ecology, Evolutionary Biology and Experimental Evolution. She supervised (or co-supervised) 10 PhD theses (two ongoing) and 4 Post-Docs (1 ongoing). Her research field is Evolutionary Ecology, using Experimental Evolution as tool. The main focus of her research is the study of the microevolutionary patterns and processes during adaptation to novel environments. This is approached by analyzing real time evolution of repeated colonizations of Drosophila subobscura populations to a laboratorial environment. The main ongoing project is the analysis, at several biological levels (phenotypic, karyotypic and genome-wide), of the evolution of populations founded from contrasting latitudes, to understand the role of History, Chance and Selection during Adaptation. Another, concomitant goal, is the understanding of the evolutionary and genetic mechanisms underlying clinal variation of inversions.
Her research highlighted that populations have abundant standing genetic variation to adapt to novel environments, with selection quickly erasing the signs of history in fitness-related traits, while genetic differentiation between populations is maintained at the inversion frequency and genome-wide level. Most recent research includes the enlargement of the genome-wide studies and the test of the repeatability and predictability of evolution.
She has authored more than 60 scientific publications, including 2 books and more than 30 articles in journals of recognized merit in Evolutionary Biology.
Biologia Evolutiva, Genética Evolutiva, Ecologia Evolutiva, Evolução Experimental
A investigação de Margarida Matos envolve Evolução Experimental como ferramenta e Drosophila subobscura como organismo modelo, com o objectivo de estudar os padrões e processos evolutivos durante a adaptação a novos ambientes. Os projetos envolvem a análise da evolução em tempo real de colonizações repetidas de populações de D. subobscura em ambientes laboratoriais.
Evolutionary Biology, Evolutionary Genetics, Evolutionary Ecology, Experimental Evolution
Margarida Matos research uses Experimental evolution as tool and Drosophila subobscura as a model organism, to study the evolutionary patterns and processes during adaptation to novel environments. This is approached by analyzing real time evolution of repeated colonizations of Drosophila subobscura populations to a laboratorial environment.
- Seabra, S.G., Fragata, I., Antunes, M.A., Faria, G.S., Santos, M.A., Sousa, V.C., Simões, P. & Matos, M. (2018). Different genomic changes underlie adaptive evolution in populations of contrasting history. Molecular Biology and Evolution 35(3): 549-563. https://doi.org/10.1093/molbev/msx247.
- Simões, P., Fragata, I., Seabra, S. G., Faria, G. S., Santos, M. A., Rose, M. R., Santos., M. & Matos, M. (2017). Predictable phenotypic, but not karyotypic, evolution of populations with contrasting initial history. Scientific Reports 7:913. http://rdcu.be/rruI
- Santos, J., Pascual, M., Fragata, I., Simões, P., Santos, M. A., Lima, M., Marques, A., Lopes-Cunha, M., Kellen, B., Balanyà, J., Rose, M. R. & Matos, M. (2016). Tracking changes in chromosomal arrangements and their genetic content during adaptation. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 29: 1151–1167. https://doi.org/10.1111/jeb.12856.
- Fragata, I.*, Simões, P.*, Lopes-Cunha, M., Lima, M., Kellen, B., Bárbaro, M., Santos, M., Marques, A., Rose, M. R., & Matos, M. (2014). Laboratory selection quickly erases historical differentiation. PLoS ONE 9(5): e96227. (* shared first authors) http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0096227
- Simões, P., Santos, J., Fragata, I., Mueller, L. D., Rose, M. R., & Matos, M. (2008). How repeatable is adaptive evolution? The role of geographical origin and founder effects in laboratory adaptation. Evolution, 62(8), 1817–29. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1558-5646.2008.00423.x/epdf